Functions of the Stem - QS Study
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Functions of the stem

A stem connects the roots to the leaves, provides support, stores food, and holds the leaves, flowers, and buds.

  • Stem bears the weight of branches, leaves, flower and fruits
  • Stem spreads out branches and leaves in such a way that they can get enough sunlight.
  • Stem dispatches water and mineral salts to the branches, leaves, flowers and fruits.
  • When young, green stems produce a little quantity of food through photosynthesis.
  • A plant’s stem serves as the support structure for its above ground components and as a conduit through which water and nutrients can travel.

The main functions of the stem are to provide support for plant leaves, transport minerals and water from the soil and carry sugar or glucose. Along with water, the stem carries products from photosynthesis and nutrients to the roots and leaves.