Functions of Protoplasm in Living Cell

Functions of Protoplasm in Living Cell

Protoplasm in Living Cell

Protoplasm is made by the combination of dissimilar multifarious compounds. It is the colorless substance comprising the living element of a cell; include the cytoplasm, nucleus, and other organelles. It is jelly-like, transparent, thick, colorless semi solid-living substance. All the properties of life are there in it. Protoplasm is separated into three parts: Plasma membrane, Cytoplasm, and Nucleus.

Protoplasm is tranquil of a combination of small molecules such as ions, amino acids, monosaccharides and water, and macromolecules such as nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides.

Function: It carries out all the procedures essential for life. It procedures nutrients and oxygen, transform food into living matter, ejects used substances, renews its worn parts, and itself produces new cells.

  • Reproduction: Cells divide to form identical daughter cells; the function of the nucleus of the protoplasm, e.g. the meristematic region of angiosperms.
  • Irritability: The living protoplasm responds to stimuli, e.g. retinal cells in the eye respond to light.
  • Chemical: All these functions are carried out inside the cell, e.g. respiration in the mitochondria;
  • Excretion: Cells must get rid of excretory wastes; they usually diffuse out of the cell through the cell membrane.
  • Growth: Growth follows on cell division; there is the absorption of protoplasm and enlarge in size.

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