QS Study

Economic Importance of Virus

Useful roles

  • In preparing antidotes/vaccine: Pox, mumps, polio, jaundice etc diseases can be controlled by penetrating using or dead virus in the human body as vaccines.
  • In controlling harmful animals and insects: Some animals and insects which are harmful to humans can be controlled by some special virus.
  • Control of disease: T2 bacteriophage virus saves humans from dysentery by spoiling some harmful bacteria, like, e-coli. In Virotherapy, viruses use as vectors to treat several diseases, as they can explicitly target cells and DNA. It indicates hopeful use in the treatment of cancer and in gene therapy.
  • In the laboratory: Virus is used in the lab, as the simplest living model. In the research of genetics, the virus is used mostly. It is an important subject in genetic engineering.
  • In the evidence of evolution:  Virus plays a vital role to acquire knowledge about the trend of evolution and the process of formation of living organisms because virus contains both living and non-Living characteristics.
  • In nanotechnology, viruses can be marked as organic nanoparticles. Because of their size, shape, and well-defined chemical structures, viruses have been used as templates for organizing materials on the nanoscale.
  • A spoon of seawater contains about million Viruses, making them the most plenteous natural substance in aquatic ecosystems. They are useful in the disposal of saltwater and freshwater ecosystems. Viruses increase the number of Photosynthesis in Oceans and are effective for reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by approximate 3 gigatonnes of carbon per year.

Harmful roles

  • The virus destroys plenty of bacteria useful for humans.
  • Different diseases like common Cold, Influenza, Mumps, Pox, Polio, Yellow fever, Harpish, Aids etc are caused by the attack of the virus.
  • Viruses can cause devastating impact in human societies. They can be weaponized for biological warfare.
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