QS Study

Components of Environment

Environment ecology is divided into two components. One is biotic component that is known as components of organisms. Except these components the rest of the components consists another environment. That is known as abiotic or non living component. Abiotic factors refer to non-living physical and chemical rudiments in the ecosystem. Abiotic resources are generally obtained from the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. Examples of abiotic factors are water, air, soil, sunlight, and minerals.

Pic: Biotic Component

Biotic components include plants and animals. Non living elements includes non living components. These are known as non living or abiotic component. Soil, water and air- these are the three main components of non living environment. Without these components organisms can’t survive. Biotic factors are living or once-living organisms in the ecosystem. These are obtained from the biosphere and are accomplished of reproduction. Examples of biotic factors are animals, birds, plants, fungi, and other similar organisms.

Pic: abiotic or non living component

Soil, water, air, light, temperature, humidity, climate etc physical factor influences the nature and its expansion. Availability of such factors to survive in the environment depends on what type of organism exists in a particular region. Here the animals and plants of a particular region will depend on nature. So you can understand how important abiotic and biotic components are for living of any organism.

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